Oren Treat1

(15 October 1787 - 23 April 1882)

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Relationship4th great-grandfather of The 3 Tracys
Family Group:Ohlheiser
Trees14 Generations of Our Ancestors
Our Ohlheiser Family Pedigree
FatherThomas Treat2 (11 Sep 1758 - 10 Oct 1832)
MotherJemima Calkins (9 Oct 1758 - 11 Jun 1816)

Birth - Marriage - Death

ChildOren Treat was born on 15 October 1787, in Wells, Rutland Co., Vermont. This location is given by his daughter Frances Marie Treat Calkins and is basis for a "strong tradition" as to where Oren was born. However, The Treat Family Genealogy says that he was "probably" born in St. Albans, Franklin Co., Vermont. This alternative location is given some credibility based on the fact the St. Albans was settled in 1788, and its first town meeting was held the following year in Georgia, Vermont. Georgia is given by several sources as the birthplace of Oren's older brother, Timothy, who was born in Georgia in March of 1786.
     It is worth noting that the 1780's was a decade, just after the Revolution, when this part of Vermont experienced a sudden increase in the numbers of families immigrating from neighboring states, and town boundaries were still being adjusted. It could well be that a settlement of one or two (or more) families that was located in Orange in 1786 was located in St. Albans the next year.3,4,5,6
GroomHe married Nancy Thompson, daughter of Moses Thompson, on 1 November 1813 in Willink, Town of Aurora, Erie Co., New York.7,8,4
WidowerHe became a widower at 47 years of age when his wife Nancy died on 8 December 1834. Together Nancy and Oren Treat had 10 children, the eldest, Julius, was 20 years old at the time of his mother's death; the youngest, Helen, was barely 6 months old; Together Nancy and Oren Treat had 10 children, the eldest, Julius, was 20 years old at the time of his mother's death; the youngest, Helen, was barely 6 months old.9,10
GroomHe married Maria Weeks, daughter of Jacob Weeks and Mary Ross, circa 1835.7
DeceasedHe died on 23 April 1882 in Griffins Mills, Aurora, Erie Co., New York, at the age of 94. The Treat Family Genealogy incorrectly (based on his tombstone engraving) gives the date of Oren's death as 26 Apr 1882.11,12,13,4
InterredHe was buried in Griffins Mills Cemetery, Griffins Mills, Aurora, Erie Co., New York; Lot 32; Section 2.14

Children with Nancy Thompson:

Children with Maria Weeks:

Some Life Events of Interest

Politically, Oren was a Whig and Republican.15

Founder or First Settler

In 1808, Oren and his brother Timothy Treat were among the first settlers in the Town of Aurora, Erie Co., New York. "In 1808, at the age of twenty-one, he [Oren] started from Vermont on foot with a bag of potato eyes (his only wealth) on his back. He followed a blazed trail through the wilderness, passed the present site of Buffalo, then a vast swamp, and came to Aurora, Erie County, N.Y., where he located a claim and began to clear the land which was to be the home of himself and of his family during the remainder of his life." -Daughter, Frances Treat Calkins
     Oren was accompanied on the trek by his brother Timothy. They stayed for a short time with their uncle, Caleb Calkins, who had preceded them. The cleared land for their settlement was on the southeast corner of Blakeley and Boies Roads.
"Besides Samuel Calkins, David Rowley and others, Timothy and Oren Treat settled in Aurora in 1809. Oren Treat, then nearly twenty-two years old, located himself on a farm a little east of Griffin's Mills, where he has ever since resided.
It is only this year (1876) that he has given up its active superintendence, though almost eighty-nine years of age. He informs me that Humphrey Smith built a grist-mill at (Willink) what is now called Griffin's Mills in 1809, though it was not finished till the next year. Like most of the pioneer mills, it was of a very primitive construction, the bolt being at first turned by hand."16,17

Occupation

FARMER15

Military

Military ServiceWhen living in Griffins Mills, Aurora, Erie Co., New York,Oren enlisted to serve as a private in the New York Militia from 4 August 1814 to 25 September 1814, during the War of 1812. He was enrolled in Capt. James Stevens Company, in the 48th Regiment of the New York Militia,under the command of Lt. Col. William Warren.
      Among the events described by Oren in support of his pension application: he recounted seeing a sortie made by British at about midnight on the 15th of Aug 1814 as part of a major (but unsuccessful) attempt to recapture Fort Erie; his company was later ordered to Black Rock, where the British were reportedly making a landing, but the report proved false; (Black Rock, now a neighborhood of Buffalo, was an important crossing over the Niagara River to Canada and was twice burned to the ground by the British over the course of the war.) the company was also ordered to take some prisoners to Harrison's Hill and to act as guard over them.
     In the declaration of service he made when applying for his military pension he stated that he had been called up "on or about the 26th day of July, 1814, for an indefinite term and continued in actual service for the term of about two months. He further saith he had leave of absence from his Captain a short time before the company was mustered for an indefinite time and not being notified of the time when the company was to be mustered (he) was not mustered for pay... therefore he considers that he was honorably discharged at Buffalo." (spelling corrected) This absence complicated the processing of his pension application (one record indicates he had deserted), but the issue was subsequently resolved and he was eventually awarded a pension of $8.00 per month for his 52 days of service. Oren applied for bounty land twice and was granted two allotments, one for 40 acres and the other for 120 acres. He apparently sold his bounty land rights, a common practice, as no record of his owning this 160 acres has been located. Oren was also awarded $38.50 by the State of New York to compensate him for having provided his own clothing, musket, shot and powder during his enlistment.18,19

Land and Property

Property AcquisitionOn 17 August 1809, Oren Treat and Timothy Treat received "Articles of Agreement" to purchase 131 acres of land in the Township of Aurora, Niagara Co., New York. These "Articles of Agreement" outlined the terms of the purchase under which settlers would be able to acquire land from the Holland Land Company. The company was an international stock corporation (formed by six Dutch banks) that had invested in the newly formed United States by purchasing large tracts of real estate (3.3 million acres in western New York) for resale; to be sold outright in large blocks to other land speculators, or in smaller allotments to individual settlers on credit; most of the land was sold to individual settlers.
     Typically, the articles required a down payment, set interest rates and specified a time limit for payment, usually 8 - 10 years. Because the Company's agents were eager to get committed settlers onto the land in order to encourage more settlement, the agent quite often adjusted the terms as he saw fit. Down payments could be as little as 25 cents; sometimes articles were given to settlers without any cash down payment if they had moved their families onto the land and made some improvements, e.g., cleared some of the land for planting, or constructed a house. The time limit for payment could be extended, and frequently was – sometimes more than once. But a deed was not given until account was paid in full.
     Oren and Timothy “articled”, as the process was termed, 131 acres in the Township of Aurora in western New York's Niagara County (now in Erie County which was formed from part of Niagara County in 1821). Their land was located in the northwest part of Lot #27, in Section 00, Township 09 and Range 06, the southeast corner of Blakeley Road and Boies Road, Griffins Mills (within the bounds of current day East Aurora).
     The Holland Land Company's records show that on the same day Oren and Timothy were articled, they divided the title, probably to reflect Oren's sole ownership as the records of subsequent transactions; i.e., articles renewed, a renegotiation, and payments, infer as much.
     It appears Oren renewed the articles in March of 1812, and in September 1823 he renewed the articles once again. He made two payments on the land in late 1827 and on the 31st of December he renegotiated the articles enabling him to receive a deed for 50 of the acres... the kind of arrangement the Company allowed in order for the settlers to qualify as landholders and so be able to vote. He renegotiated the articles a final time in August of 1832 and was able to make a final payment and receive his deed to the remaining 81 acres on the 15th of November of that year. This in turn enabled Oren to sell 25 of the acres that same day to James Vaux for $336.50.
     Oren had paid a total of $454.50 for his 131 acre homestead but his net cost after 23 years of farming the land and the sale of 25 acres to Vaux was $118.00 (about $3,370 in 2015 dollars.)20,21,22
Property AcquisitionOn 27 May 1819, Oren Treat bought 50 acres of land in the Town of Aurora, Niagra Co., New York. Oren paid $350 to Jonathan and Anna Hussey for the south part of Lot #14, in the 9th Township (Aurora) and sixth Range. This acreage was somewhat removed from the land Oren and his brother Timothy filed a claim for in 1809 for a portion of the 27th Lot located in the same Township and Range.23
Property TransferOren and Nancy Treat sold a part of their property in Town of Aurora, Niagra Co., New York, on 19 March 1822. Oren and Nancy sold the 50 acres purchased in 1819 back to Jonathan Hussey, for $300, a loss of $50. It is curious that Oren would have sold this acreage back to the gentleman from whom he purchased it barely 3 years earlier... for $50 less than he paid for it.24
Property OwnedIn 1860, Oren Treat owned a piece of property in Aurora, Erie Co., New York,
     The U.S., Indexed County Land Ownership Maps, 1860-1918; Aurora shows a piece of land with the name 'Orin Treat' which appears to be the property Oren settled on in 1808. Property of his son Orville C. Treat is shown next door. Oren and Orville are both on the 1865 State Census for Aurora, listed next to each other.25

Residences and Censuses

Oren and Maria Treat appeared on the 1850 Federal Census of the Town of Aurora, Erie Co., New York, enumerated 5 September 1850. Their children Ellery, Victoria, Frances, Harriet and Orville were listed as living with them. His sons Thomas and Oren were also listed as living with them. Oren is shown as having been born in Vermont; is a farmer (as are his sons Thomas and Oren) and he values his real estate at $3,180.26
Oren and Maria Treat appeared on the 1855 State Census of Second Election District, Town of Aurora, Erie Co., New York, enumerated 19 June 1855. Oren's and Maria's home was a frame house and valued at $500. Their children Ellery, Victoria, Frances, Harriet and Orville were listed as living with them. Oren and their son Ellery are shown to be farmers.
     For the Agricultural Census taken the next day, 20 June, Oren reported that he had 2 horses, 13 cows, 7 swine, and 18 sheep (11 fleeces and 30 lbs. of wool). Additionally he reported having harvested 15 tons of hay, 50 bushels of oats, 16 of Spring Wheat, and 36 of Winter wheat; the farm produced 400 lbs. of butter, 200 lbs. of cheese, and 50 bushels of apples from his orchard. The previous year he had sown an acre of flax which produced 9 bushels of seed for planting the following year. The family had manufactured 15 yards of fulled cloth and 20 yards of flannel.
     Oren placed a cash value of $4,000 on his farm of 106 acres which he said was made up of 70 improved acres and 36 acres unimproved. He valued his stock at $475, and his tools and implements at $250. It appears that by 1855 his was a modest but well established family farm.27
Oren and Maria Treat appeared on the 1860 Federal Census of Willink, Town of Aurora, Erie Co., New York, enumerated 26 July 1860. Oren is recorded as a Farmer and values his real estate at $4000. Their children Victoria, Harriet and Orville were listed as living with them. Oren's older brother Lyman is also shown as living with them.28
Oren and Maria Treat appeared on the 1865 State Census of Second Election District, Town of Aurora, Erie Co., New York, enumerated 5 June 1865. Oren and Maria owned their home which was a plank house and valued at $500. Their children Victoria and Thomas (though the age recorded for Thomas is 25 which cannot be correct) were listed as living with them, as well as Victoria's young daughter Della Morgan. Oren is shown to be a farmer.
     Son Orville C. and his wife Celia (both 21 years old) are living on the next door farm with their seven month old son Manly Treat. Orville is also a farmer and he owns his home which also was built of plank and valued at $250.29
Oren and Maria Treat appeared on the 1870 Federal Census of Town of Aurora, Erie Co., New York, enumerated 12 August 1870. 83 year old Oren is a farmer; he values his real estate at $6000 and his personal estate at $500. Their daughter Harriet was listed as living with them.30
Oren and Maria Treat appeared on the 1875 State Census of the Second Election District, Aurora, Erie Co., New York, enumerated 16 June 1875. Their daughter Harriet were listed as living with them. Their 13 year old grandson Adelbert Morgan, son of daughter Victoria, was also living with them.31
Oren and Maria Treat appeared on the 1880 Federal Census of Town of Aurora, Erie Co., New York, enumerated 29 June 1880. Their daughter Harriet was listed as living with them. At 92 years of age, Oren is still shown to be a farmer. Their 17 year old grandson Adelbert Morgan, the son of daughter Victoria, was also listed in their household and shown as working on the farm.
     For the Agricultural Census taken the same day, 29 June, Oren reported that the farm had 2 horses, 2 milch cows, 10 other cattle, and 1 swine, 40 chickens; all animals together he valued at $160. The 1879 farm's production included: 200 dozen eggs, 500 lbs. of butter, 40 bushels of oats, 60 bushels of Indian corn, 45 of wheat, 35 of barley, 28 of buckwheat, 4 of dry beans, and 125 bushels of Irish potatoes. His 4 acre orchard with 220 apple trees produced 580 bushels of apples and generated $100. They cut 30 cords of wood with a value of $40. He estimated the value of all farm production was $435.
     William placed a cash value of $3,325 on his farm (land, fences, and buildings) of 95 acres which he said was made up of 60 improved acres with the balance woodland. He valued the farm's implements and machinery at $50. Not surprisingly considering his and Maria's ages, they required 10 weeks of hired labor in 1879, for which they paid $50 in wages.
     It appears that by 1880 theirs was a family farm that produced more than enough for their own needs and provided a surplus they could sell.32

Church

ReligionOren Treat was a Universalist.15

Sources - Citations

  1. [S210] Find A Grave, online at findagrave.com; Photographs and data are submitted by volunteer members - Text only data should be confirmed by additional sources.
  2. [S898] H. Franklin Andrews, The Hamlin Family : A Genealogy Of James Hamlin Of Barnstable Massachusetts : Eldest Son Of James Hamlin, The Immigrant, Who Came From London, England, And Settled In Barnstable, 1639 : 1639-1902 (Exira, Iowa: The Author, 1902), pg. 229 - date.
  3. [S874] Calkins & Treat Genealogies - Notes, Transcription of Excerpts from Notebooks of Charlotte A. Calkins, 19 March 1977, Paper Files of Sean C Tracy, Tracy Home Office, Section C, Autobiog; Section A, pg.3; names, events, dates, relationships, locations.
  4. [S350] John Harvey Treat, The Treat Family: A Genealogy of Trott, Tratt, and Treat; for Fifteen Generations, and Four Hundred Years in England and America; Containing More Than Fifteen Hundred Families in America (Salem, Massachusetts: The Salem Press Publishing & Printing Company, 1893), pg. 69.
  5. [S303] Rev. Peter Bulkeley and Donald Lines Jacobus, Author and Editor, The Bulkeley Genealogy (New Haven, Connecticut: n.pub., 1933), pg. 601.
  6. [S895] Henry K. Adams, A Centennial History of St. Albans, Vermont. Organized July 28th 1788 (St. Albans, VT.: Wallace Printing Company, 1889), pg. 8.
  7. [S874] Calkins & Treat Genealogies - Notes, Transcription of Excerpts from Notebooks of Charlotte A. Calkins, 19 March 1977 Paper Files of Sean C Tracy, Section B names wives.
  8. [S303] Rev. Peter Bulkeley and Donald Lines Jacobus, Bulkeley Genealogy.
  9. [S644] Oren Treat Photograph of Tomb Stone, #644-OT2-TSPhoto, Digital Files of Sean C. Tracy, Tracy Home Office; Sean C. Tracy, gives dates and ages (39 years).
  10. [S350] John Harvey Treat, The Treat Family, pg. 69; gives year as 1835.
  11. [S873] Veterans buried in the Griffiths Mills Cemetery, Town of Aurora, Erie County, New York, online at: http://wnyroots.tripod.com/index-aurora-vet-gm.html: Accessed: 1 Sep 2016, gives year of death and location.
  12. [S303] Rev. Peter Bulkeley and Donald Lines Jacobus, Bulkeley Genealogy, pg. 601; gives date as 26 Apr 1882.
  13. [S644] Oren Treat Photograph of Tomb Stone, Digital Files of Sean C. Tracy, Tracy Home Office, gives date and age (94 years).
  14. [S873] Veterans buried in the Griffiths Mills Cemetery, online at: http://wnyroots.tripod.com/index-aurora-vet-gm.html, War of 1812 Veteran.
  15. [S898] H. Franklin Andrews, The Hamlin Family, pg. 416.
  16. [S874] Calkins & Treat Genealogies - Notes, Transcription of Excerpts from Notebooks of Charlotte A. Calkins, 19 March 1977 Paper Files of Sean C Tracy, Section A pg.29; B; and C-Autobiog.
  17. [S886] Crisfield Johnson, Centennial History of Erie County, New York; Being its Annals from the Earliest Recorded Events to the Hundredth Year of American Independence


    (Buffalo, N. Y.: Printing House Of Matthews & Warren, Office of the “Buffalo Commercial Advertiser", 1876), pg. 8 and pg. 176; Oren Treat interviewed.
  18. [S894] Oren Treat,"War of 1812 Pension Files"; Paper Files of Sean C Tracy; Tracy Home Office, Applications for Pension and Bounty Land.
  19. [S873] Veterans buried in the Griffiths Mills Cemetery, online at: http://wnyroots.tripod.com/index-aurora-vet-gm.html, War of 1812 Veteran Burials in Griffins Mills.
  20. [S896] Karen E. Livsey, Compiler, Western New York Land Transactions, 1804-1824 (Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1991; database on-line: ancestry.com; Provo, Utah: The Generations Network Inc.,, 2006).
  21. [S897] Karen E. Livsey, Compiler, Western New York Land Transactions, 1825-1835 (Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1996; database on-line: ancestry.com; Provo, Utah: The Generations Network Inc.,, 2006).
  22. [S874] Calkins & Treat Genealogies - Notes, Transcription of Excerpts from Notebooks of Charlotte A. Calkins, 19 March 1977 Paper Files of Sean C Tracy, Section B - Treat Genealogy.
  23. [S892] New York Land Records, Erie County; Deeds 1819-1825, Liber 6, pg 79, Digital Files of Sean C. Tracy, Tracy Home Office.
  24. [S893] New York Land Records, Erie County; Deeds 1819-1825, Liber 7, pg 15, Digital Files of Sean C. Tracy, Tracy Home Office.
  25. [S880] Microfilmed by the Library of Congress, U.S., Indexed County Land Ownership Maps, 1860-1918 (Aurora), (Washington, D.C.: Library of Congress, unknown publish date), Various publishers of County Land Ownership Atlases.
  26. [S876] Oren Treat household, 1850 U.S. Census, Erie Co., New York, population schedule, Town of Aurora, dwelling 0432, family 1447. Washington: National Archives. , names; relationships inferred.
  27. [S881] Orren Treat household, 1855 New York State Census, ErieCo., New York, population schedule, Town of Aurora, Enumeration District Second Election District of the town, Sheet 68, dwelling 50, family 50, Salt Lake City: Family Search. , names; relationships inferred.
  28. [S877] Orrin Treat household, 1860 U.S. Census, Erie Co., New York, population schedule, Aurora, Enumeration District Willink P.O., Sheet no. 98 (written); 480 (stamped), line 37, dwelling 782, family 771; Washington: National Archives. , names; relationships inferred.
  29. [S882] Orin Treat household, 1865 New York State Census, Erie Co., New York, population schedule, 2nd Election District - Aurora, Sheet 3 Line 7, dwelling 20, names & ages; relationships inferred.
  30. [S878] Oren Treat household, 1870 U.S. Census, Erie Co., New York, population schedule, South Wales P.O., Town of Aurora, Sheet no. 8 and 9 lines 39, 40, 1, dwelling 77, family 71; Washington: National Archives. , names; relationships inferred.
  31. [S883] Oren Treat household, 1875 New York State Census, Erie Co., New York, population schedule, 2nd Election District - Aurora, Sheet 10, Line 8, dwelling 103, family 99, Salt Lake City: Family Search. , names & ages; relationships inferred.
  32. [S879] Oren Treat household, 1880 U.S. Census, Erie Co., New York, population schedule, Aurora, Sheet no. 41 (written); pg. 94 A. (stamped); line 31, dwelling 474, family 496; Washington: National Archives.
Last Edited8 Dec 2017

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