Thomas Tracy Sr.1,2,3,4,5

(circa 1610 - 7 November 1685)

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Relationship9th great-grandfather of The 3 Tracys
Family Group:Tracy
Trees14 Generations of Our Ancestors
Our Tracy Family Pedigree
Our Descent From Lt. Thomas Tracy of Norwich Connecticut

Some Background

Thomas Tracy Sr. was also known as Lieut. Thomas Tracy.
          The colonial records of both the Massachusetts Bay Colony and Connecticut Colony have Thomas' surname spelled in various ways... Tracy occasionally, but also with several variations from "Trace" to "Trasy." Record keepers generally spelled what they heard spoken... and the spoken word was not always an accurate pronunciation of the name. But the populations were still quite small and since generally everyone knew who they were talking about a spelling that gave enough of an indication as to who the person was would suffice. Later, when there were more people, and not everyone knew everyone else, more stable name-spelling developed.
     In 1673 Thomas was commissioned the Lieutenant of the New London County Dragoons. The military titles given in colonial times carried with them a great deal of prestige social as well as military and were used on all formal occasions and in all forms of address, written and introductory.1
     Much research has been done by genealogists, both amateur and professional, over the last one hundred and fifty plus years in attempts to determine the origins of Lt. Thomas Tracy... where did he live the first twenty-five, or so, years of his life and who were his parents? As of December 2014 we have only theories as to his parentage... none proven... and most involving some minor degree of nobility or of royal connections.
     As stated elsewhere, it is fairly certain that the 3 Tracys Born c. 1975 are descended from Lt. Thomas Tracy who came to Norwich, Connecticut Colony, in the early 1600s. Their descendancy is based on the probability that a Henry Tracy who was born in 1769 was the son of one Jonathan Tracy who was born in Preston, Connecticut Colony, in 1742. And that probability is based on circumstantial evidence (though with some justification) and recent DNA testing results pointing to the very strong likelihood that Henry was descended from Thomas. Still, a confirmed link to Lt. Thomas Tracy has yet to be established. No doubt stronger links to Lt. Thomas will be forged as documentary evidence pointing to Henry's parentage builds. In the meantime, as my Aunt Babe (Ada Tracy Berry) would say, “To the best of my knowledge...” these are “our” Tracy ancestors. - Sean C. Tracy, 2015.6,7,8,9,10

Birth - Marriage - Death

ChildThomas Tracy Sr. was born circa 1610, in England.
     The year of his birth has been calculated from the date of his death in his 76th year. The place of his birth is not known though either Gloucester or Norfolk in England are possibilities, with Norfolk being the most probable.11,1,9,12
GroomIn 1641, when he was about 31 years old, Thomas married a person whose name is unknown in Weathersfield, Hartford Co., Connecticut.
     Any number of sources say that Thomas married (as his first wife and the mother of his children) the widow of Edward Mason... and this first wife is frequently given the first name "Mary," though without any basis for doing so. Actually, Edward Mason's widow died in Wethersfield between 1650 and 1659 while Thomas was living in Saybrook, Connecticut; and since she died as "The Widow Mason" she obviously was not the wife of Thomas Tracy. (The Widow Mason's first name is not known - it could have been Mary though no records indicate that it was.)
     The date for this marriage is calculated based on the presumed date of the birth of his eldest child John in 1642. The location is based on the likelihood that Thomas was single when living in Salem where he had been given an opportunity to purchase the 5 acre land allotment for a single man; he then moved to Wethersfield where his first two children are thought to have been born in the few years before he was known to have moved again, this time to Saybrook where the rest of his children were born.
     The identity of Thomas Tracy's first wife (and the mother of all of his children) is likely to remain a mystery.13,14,15
Second MarriageIn 1676, in Norwich, New London Co., Connecticut Colony, New England, Lieut. Thomas Tracy, at the age of about 66, married Martha Bourne, who was about 50 years old.
     Martha (Bourne) Bradford was the widow of John Bradford, Thomas' neighbor whose home-lot was across the road from his in Norwich.
     John Bradford was the son of the Plymouth Colony's Governor William Bradford.
     John Tracy, Martha's step-son by this marriage, was also her nephew-by-marriage as he was married to the daughter of Martha's sister, Mary Winslow.6,16,17
Third MarriageIn 1683, Lieut. Thomas Tracy, at the age of about 73 years, married Mary Foote.
     This was a third marriage for each... Mary was the widow of first John Stoddard (d.1664) and second, John Goodrich (d.1680), both of Wethersfield.16,1
DeceasedThomas died on 7 November 1685 in Norwich, New London Co., Connecticut Colony, New England.
     His estate was valued at 560 British pounds, and he is said to have owned about 5,000 acres in eastern Connecticut. As the settlement of his estate makes no allowances for a widow, it would appear Thomas survived his third wife. His son Daniel inherited the paternal homestead in the town at the settlement of his father's estate.1,18,10,19
InterredHe was buried in Norwich, New London Co., Connecticut.6,10,20

Children with an unknown spouse:

Immigrant Ancestor

In 1636, Thomas Tracy Sr., at about 26 years of age, immigrated to Watertown, Massachusetts Bay Colony, New England.
     No documentation has been found as of 2013, to support a specific date of arrival in Watertown... but Salem town records indicate that he came there from Watertown in 1637. The Salem record of his application for admission to the town in 1637 is the first documented mention of Thomas Tracy in New England.
     Watertown was a common port of arrival for immigrants to this part of New England in the 1600s and was populated largely by emigrants from East Anglia, many if not most of them from Norfolk. This fact bolsters the theory that Thomas, too, was a native of Norfolk, or at least from East Anglia.21,22,23

Some Life Events of Interest

     This is a frequently repeated anecdote, related with varying details depending on the teller. Here is the gist of the event: The Mohegan sachem, Uncas, was under seige by the Narragansett sachem, Pessachus, at Shattock Point (also called Fort Shantok), on the Pequot (Thames) River near Norwich. A relief force from Saybrook under the command of Thomas Leffingwell and including Thomas Tracy with others, brought Uncas a boat load of provisions that lasted until the seige was lifted. It is said that in gratitude, Uncas gave 400 acres of land to Thomas Leffingwell and Thomas Tracy, to be divided equally between them. This land was in an area that is now Preston.
The event is discribed by Trumbull in his Complete History of Connecticut in Book I. Chap. XI. pg. 236:
"During the wars between Uncas and the Narragansets, they besieged his fort, near the bank of the Thames, until his provisions were nearly exhausted, and he found that he, and his men, must soon perish, by famine or sword, unless he could obtain speedy relief. In this crisis, he found means of communicating his danger to the scouts, who had been sent out from Saybrook fort. By his messengers, he represented the great danger the English, in those parts, would be in immediately, if they should suffer the Moheagans to be destroyed.

"Upon this intelligence, one Thomas Leffingwell, an ensign at Saybrook, an enterprising, bold man, loaded a canoe with beef, corn, and pease, and, under cover of the night, paddled from Saybrook into the Thames, and had the address to get the whole into the fort. The enemy soon perceiving that Uncas was relieved, raised the siege. For this service, Uncas gave said Leffingwell a deed of a great part, if not of the whole town of Norwich. In June, 1659, Uncas, with his two sons, Owaneco and Attawanhood, by a more formal and authentic deed, made over unto said Leffingwell, John Mason, Esq. the Rev. James Fitch, and others, consisting of thirty-five proprietors, the whole township of Norwich, which is about nine miles square. The company, at this time, gave Uncas and his sons about seventy pounds, as a further compensation for so large and fine a tract."

     Trumbull’s Complete History of Connecticut provides a great deal of good information about the early colonial period of Connecticut. Unfortunately, since his works are relied upon so heavily by later historians and genealogists, his accounts are not always entirely accurate. This is one of those instances where he is slightly off the mark… actually more than slightly regarding the reward Uncas gave to his rescuers. Other accounts of the event generally give Ensign Leffingwell full credit for leading the excursion but also include other participants; e.g. most histories and Tracy genealogies include Thomas Tracy as part of the relief party; and the Hyde Genealogy says William Hyde was probably also part of the group. And while this episode no doubt gained the English colonists a great deal of favor with Uncas, he was already predisposed to offering them land on good terms and generally cooperating with them for numerous other reasons... though most of those reasons involved the English with their superior weaponry siding with him in his disputes with neighboring Indian tribes.
     It was an accumulation of dealings with the English that persuaded Uncas to sell the "nine miles square" to the English for £70, with the transfer deed witnessed by John Mason and Thomas Tracy... not just his rescue by Leffingwell and the others as Trumbull suggests. (Mason was a particular friend of Uncas and his family.)
     Several sources state that Uncas made a gift of 400 acres (a little over one-half of one mile square in or near Preston) to Leffingwell and Tracy, rather than those "nine miles square" that became the town of Norwich. And in these versions regarding Uncas’ gift to the two of them, no mention is made of anyone else (i.e. Mason or Fitch – or any other members of a relief party, for that matter). These four hundred acres to Tracy and Leffingwell are probably the subject of a 1667 grant referred to in the colony's court records.24,25,26,27
John Mason and Thomas Tracy, as representatives of the planters from Saybrook, signed the deed from Unkos, and his sons, Owaneco and Attawanhood, transferring "nine miles square of land" to the "inhabitants of Norwich, theire heirs and successors forever..." on 6 June 1659 in Moheagen, Connecticut Colony, New England.28
In October 1667 in Norwich, New London Co., Connecticut Colony, New England:
     "This Court grants unto Ens:Thomas Tracy & Thomas Leffingwell, the sume of Fower Hundred acres of Land, to be equally diuided between them." "And this Court desires Thomas Leffingwell, Ens:Thomas Tracy & Sarjt Thomas Minor [a neighbor] to agree together and lay out each other their proportion according to their grants, in that land of the east side of the Shawtuckett River." (That land would have been in the area of Preston.)
     As this is all the Colonial Records had to say about this land grant, it is not clear as to the reason for the grant. It has been suggested that it was for service in the Pequot War, though there is no definitive evidence that either of them had participated in that War. Thomas was named as an enlistee from Wethersfield in 1637 (two months after he was accepted as an inhabitant of Salem, Massachusetts Bay Colony?), and may have served under the command of Captain John Mason; beyond that listing, there is no evidence of his service during the Pequot War. Thomas Leffingwell was only about 15 or 16 years old in 1637, therefore it is unlikely he would have been called upon to enlist, and his name is not included in listings of men from Connecticut participating in that war; other than that they were both living in Norwich at the same time 30 years later there would be no reason to pair them in a grant made for war service. There is mention in the Colonial Records for others who received land grants specifically for service in the Pequot War. Additionally, neither of these men had any special public service record prior to 1667 that would account for such a large colonial land grant... war service could have been a reason, had both of them had any war experience as of this date.
     An interesting coincidence is that 400 acres is also the size of the land, also in the area that is now Preston, supposedly given to these same gentlemen by Uncas in gratitude for their services in 1645. Very likely, or at least possibly, this was less of a grant from the Colony's General Court but rather was a much belated, official acknowledgement of that gift to them from Uncas over twenty years earlier. In theory all of the land within the bounds of a colonial charter belonged to the colony... after the colony had first properly acquired the land from the prior inhabitants, of course. And only the colony's General Court had the authority to distribute the land. In the case of land east of the Connecticut River, which at that moment in time was in the dominion of the Moheagan Sachem Uncas (by "right of conquest"), it meant that any transfer of property rights therein given by Uncas to individuals had to be ratified by the Colonial government. And for the sake of clarifying title, the colony did this regarding lands Uncas had given both before and after the colony had acquired it from him.29,24,30
Lyme, New London Co., Connecticut, on 29 Feb 1675, Lieut. Thomas Tracy and Hugh Collins (Calkins) were named among the legatees in the will of Joshua (Attawanhood) Uncas, Sachem, the son of Uncas, Sachem.
     Joshua bequeathed a large tract of land (48,000 to 60,000 acres of his hunting grounds, known as "Joshua's tract") "northward of Norwich" in northeastern Connecticut Colony to thirteen of the leading men of Norwich, including Thomas Tracy and Hugh Calkins. The General Court of the colony frowned on the numerous gifts, grants and bequests amounting to thousands of acres handed out over the years by Uncas and his two sons, fearing land speculation based on such large holdings would be to the detriment of the colony as a whole. The validity of this bequest was disputed by many in the colony despite the standing of the legatees within their communities... the will wasn't even properly recorded until 29 April 1684, and it took the General Court another two years (until the year after Thomas' death) to agree to the allotments each of the thirteen was to receive.
     No doubt Thomas' allotment made up most of the thousands of acres of land he was reputed to have owned at the time of his death.
          A modern day Land Trust, "Joshua's Trust" is preserving about 4,000 acres of the original tract for current and future generations.31,32

Founder or First Settler

In 1645, Thomas Tracy Sr. was among the founders/first settlers of Saybrook, New Haven Colony, New England.
     "A settlement was soon made, and named Saybrook, in honour to their lordships, Say and Seal and Brook. Mr.Fenwick, Mr. Thomas peters, who was the first minister in'the plantation, captain Gardiner, Thomas Leffingwell, Thomas Tracy, and captain John Mason, were some of the principal planters."33,34
He was one of the proprietors of Norwich, New London Co., Connecticut Colony, New England, Fall 1659.
     "...the Purchase of sd town was made in ye month of June, 1659 by 35 men." Thomas Tracy Sr., Francis Griswold and Hugh Calkins were among the 35. (As was Thomas' eldest son, John - thought to have been still a minor as he is listed as among a small group of secondary proprietors.) By the fall of 1659, the proprietors had surveyed the township, laid out the town plot, measured and assigned house lots, and even opened a "highway" between Norwich and Saybrook.
     (The three men, Tracy, Calkins, and Griswold, are all ancestors of Our Tracy Family; Tracy and Griswold via the Tracy line; Calkins via the Ohlheiser line. Their neighbor, Thomas Minor is also an ancestor, via the Corkum line.)35


Military ServiceIn May 1637, while living in Wethersfield,Thomas Tracy Sr. was named among the forty-two Hartford soldiers who served under Captain Mason during the Pequotwar. (This would mean that he and George Steele, from Wethersfield, may have served together during that war.)36
Military ServiceOn 11 October 1666, while living Norwich, New London Co., Connecticut Colony, New England,Thomas Tracy Sr. was chosen to be the ensign of the first Train Band organized for the Norwich plantation.37,38
Military ServiceFrom 1673 to 1676, while living Norwich, New London Co., Connecticut Colony, New England, he was Lieutenant of the New London County Dragoons, enlisted to fight against the Dutch and the Indians; he was Muster Master of New London County in November of 1673; and was Quartermaster in 1675 and 1676, during King Philip's War.
     Thomas was accorded the title of Lieutenant from this time until his death.38,30

Community Service

On 16 May 1661, at Norwich, New London Co., Connecticut Colony, New England, Thomas Tracy Sr. was appointed to explore, along with Matthew Griswold, James Morgan, and a representative from New London, the northern boundry of New London, apparently to determine the southern boundry of Norwich.
     As an indication of the respect in which he was held by his fellow colonists, Thomas's name appears in the records of the Colonial Court numerous times as having been appointed to assist in laying out boundaries... both boundaries between towns, such as this one, and the boundaries of individuals' land holdings.30
From 1661 to 1684, Thomas Tracy Sr. was elected to serve as the Representative (Deputy) to the General Court of the Colony of Connecticut (Legislature equivalent).
     He was one of the first two representatives elected from Norwich, and he was reelected to this position for over 20 sessions - first on 9 Oct 1661 and lastly on 5 July 1684.
     Generally, once elected to one of the higher offices during that period, if found to be competent and faithful, the position became one of a lifetime commitment. "The election of [two] Deputies [representatives] was semi-annual, but for the first eleven years, the choice, with only two exceptions, was restricted to four persons: Thomas Tracy, Thomas Leffingwell, Hugh Calkins [or, Caulkins, as it is sometimes spelled in the records], and Francis Griswold." Two of these four gentlemen, Tracy and Griswold, are Tracy ancestors; a third, Hugh Caulkins is an Ohlheiser ancestor.39,38
In 1662, at Norwich, New London Co., Connecticut Colony, New England, Thomas Tracy Sr. served as a member of a Court of Commission that was chosen to, along with the Townsmen of Norwich, try all cases to the value of 40 shillings.
     In this year he served on the commission with Francis Griswold; in 1671 he served on the commission with Hugh Calkins.
In October 1666,Thomas Tracy Sr. was appointed to serve on the committee in charge of the Stonington Indians for Norwich, New London Co., Connecticut Colony, New England.30
In 1670, at Norwich, New London Co., Connecticut Colony, New England, Thomas Tracy Sr. served as Constable.
     Two of his sons, Solomon and Thomas, jr., were to fill this position in later years.40
In 1678, Thomas Tracy Sr. was appointed to serve as a Commissioner (Justice of the Peace) for Norwich, New London Co., Connecticut Colony, New England.38
In 1683, in Norwich, New London Co., Connecticut Colony, New England, Thomas Tracy Sr. was elected to serve as one of the four Townsmen (Selectmen).41

Residences and Censuses

From about 1636 to 1637, Thomas Tracy Sr. was living Watertown, Massachusetts Bay Colony, New England.
     Thomas relocated to Salem, Massachusetts Bay Colony, in March of 1637, and was received there based on referrals from Watertown citizens. But because he apparently does not appear in the records of Watertown, it is unclear as to exactly when he arrived or how long he had been there.22,42,43,6,44
On 23 January 1637, Thomas Tracy Sr. was living Salem, Massachusetts Bay Colony, New England.
     By the town representatives the "23th of the 11th mo:Anno 1636". "Thomas Trace (sic) ship Carpenter reffered to Certifficate." (This date is recorded as "Old Style," and translates to 23 Jan 1637 on the Gregorian calendar which is the calendar in use today.) He was apparently told that he needed a certificate of references from his previous town of residence which implies that he was unknown to the residents of Salem. Most sources overlook, or ignore, this entry which shows a slightly earlier date for Thomas in Salem.
     Usually his tenure in Salem is based on a subsequent entry: "By the towne representatives, 2nd of first mo: 1636-7, (which translates to 2 March 1637) Tho:Trace (sic), Recd for Inhabitant vpon (sic) a Certificate of diuers (sic) of watter Towne. And is to haue 5 acres of Land." "which he may have laid out when he hath a ticket from me that he hath paid me"... this last was added in shorthand, presumably by the Governor John Endicott. (5 acres being the amount of property allotted to a single man.)
     Typically, before new arrivals (coming after the original settlers) were admitted as inhabitants to a town, they were required to be in residence for two to three years under the scrutiny of their neighbors to be sure they conformed to the social and religious standards of the town. That Salem accepted him based on the references he brought with him from Watertown may be an indication that he had actually been in Watertown for some time, enough time at least for the residents there to have assured themselves that he met their standards of behavior... and so they could give him the needed references for immediate acceptance in Salem. Salem in all likelihood was quite pleased to welcome a ship's carpenter into their community as that profession was highly regarded in that it brought needed commerce to a new town.45,46
About 1637 to about 1644, Thomas Tracy Sr. was living Wethersfield, Hartford Co., Connecticut Colony, New England.
     Thomas Tracy is included among a listing of approximately 100 settlers who arrived at Wethersfield, it is thought in the years between 1636 and 1640, certainly no earlier than 1635 or later than 1645. He is also included in a listing of men from Wethersfield who were enlisted in May of 1637 for service in the Pequot War.
     It is said that Wethersfield is where he married, c. 1640, and where his first two children were born, but no records of the marriage or their births have been found there - Wethersfield records for this period are sparse.
     The Colonial Records do say that on 2 Mar 1644, he served on a jury from Wethersfield. The same records for that year indicate that Thomas Tracy and others of the town had been robbed by one Robert Bedle.47
From 1645 to 1660, Thomas Tracy Sr. was living Saybrook, Middlesex Co., Connecticut Colony, New England.
     In 1645 Thomas was a member of a party from Saybrook that brought supplies to relieve Uncas at his fort on the Pequot River.
     Thomas was referred to in the Colonial Records of Connecticut as being "of Saybrook" when he was added to the commission (20 Mar 1650) delegated to build a dwelling house for colony use at Fort Hill in Saybrook. And he and Jonathan Rudd were appointed to assist Captain John Mason, who was in charge of the Fort at Saybrook, in fitting out the six "great guns" for the defense of the town; 23 Feb 1653.48,30,24
In 1660, Thomas Tracy Sr. was was among the first settlers of Norwich, New London Co., Connecticut Colony, New England.
     "The town of Norwich was settled in the spring of 1660..." "Thomas Tracy's home-lot lay east of Simon Huntington's, on the south side of the street, which here runs nearly east and west. It consisted of nine acres, measuring thirty-four rods on the street." A brook lay between Tracy and Huntington, "Mr. John Bradford's corner" was opposite Tracy. This was Thomas' home for the last 25 years of his life.49
In 1669, Thomas Tracy Sr. was living Norwich, New London Co., Connecticut Colony, New England. Was included on the list of Freemen for the town of Norwich.50

Sources - Citations

  1. [S278] Frances Manwaring Caulkins, History of Norwich Connecticut: From its possession by the Indians to the year 1866 (Hartford: The Author, 1866).
  2. [S192] P. William Filby, Editor, Passenger and Immigration Lists Index, 1500s-1900s (Farmington Hills, Michigan: Gale Research, 2012). Online publication - Provo, UT, USA: Operations, Inc, 2010., Place: Watertown, Massachusetts; Year: 1636; Page Number: .
  3. [S33] Yates Publishing, Compiler, U.S. and International Marriage Records, 1560-1900 (Provo, Utah: Operations Inc. - Online Publication, 2004). A collection of records extracted from a variety of sources including family group sheets and electronic databases - all data should be verified for accuracy by other sources., U.S. and International Marriage Records, 1560-1900.
  4. [S210] Find A Grave, online at; Photographs and data are submitted by volunteer members - Text only data should be confirmed by additional sources.
  5. [S161] National Society of the Sons of the American Revolution, Compiler, Sons of the American Revolution Membership Applications, 1889-1970, online, (Louisville, Kentucky), Various Applicants, on Microfilm, 508 rolls.
  6. [S344] Charles Stedman Ripley, The Ancestors of Lieutenant Thomas Tracy of Norwich, Connecticut (Boston: A. Mudge & Son, Printers, 1895). Note that he lists Caulkins, F.M, History of Norwich, among his sources.
  7. [S345] Donald Lines Jacobus, The Waterman Family, Vol. I of 2 vols. (New Haven, Conn.: Edgar F. Waterman, 1939). ppg 687 - 695, Reviews/critiques a number of proposed genealogies for Lt. Thomas; leans toward Norfolk origins.
  8. [S349] Reuben H. Walworth LL.D. - Compiler, Hyde Genealogy; or the Descendants, in the Female as well as in the Male Lines, from William Hyde, of Norwich, with their Places of Residence, and Dates of Births, Marriages, &C., and Other Particulars of Them and Their Families and Ancestry, Vol. I. (Albany, New York: J. Munsell, 1864). Jacobus warns of "numerous errors on New London County Families" and to look for support of data from other evidence.
  9. [S343] John G. Hunt, "Fiction Versus Possibility in the Tracy Genealogy", The American Genealogist vol. 41, no.4, pp. 250-251 (1965): Presents definitive proof that Lt. Thomas not son of William Tracy of Toddington, Gloucester, England and therefore casts doubt on Gloucester origins. Presents an argument in favor of a Norwich, Norfolk, England origin.
  10. [S346] Elizabeth Todd Nash, Fifty Puritan Ancestors, 1628-1660; Genealogical Notes, 1560-1900 (New Haven, Connecticut: The Tuttle, Morehouse & Taylor Company, 1902).
  11. [S344] Charles Stedman Ripley, Ancestors of Lieutenant Thomas Tracy, gives year of birth.
  12. [S210] Find A Grave, online at, death date: BEF 07 NOV 1685 death place: Norwich, New London Co., Connecticut Colony, New England burial place: Norwich, New London County, Connecticut, USA birth date: ABT 1610.
  13. [S347] Dwight Tracy, "Tracy - Mason", New England Historical Genelaogical Register v.61, pg.93 (Jan 1907): proves that the "Widow Mason" was never the wife of Thomas... she died "The Widow Mason."
  14. [S345] Donald Lines Jacobus, The Waterman Family, pg 692; Jacobus supports conclusion of Dwight Tracy's research into The Widow Mason and points out that the first name of "Mary" is unproven.
  15. [S33] Yates Publishing, US Intnl Marriage Records, provides year and location;.
  16. [S345] Donald Lines Jacobus, The Waterman Family.
  17. [S278] Frances Manwaring Caulkins, History of Norwich Connecticut, gives year as 1676.
  18. [S151] Matilda Ormand Abbey - Compiler, Genealogy of the Family of Lt. Thomas Tracy of Norwich, Connecticut (Milwaukee: D.S. Harkness & Company, Printers, 1888). Local File Reference: TRA-BPC-119.
  19. [S149] Mike Cattin - Compiler, online at (RootsWeb's World Connect Project GEDCOMs), downloaded 23 Jan 2006.
  20. [S210] Find A Grave, online at, death date: BEF 07 NOV 1685; death place: Norwich, New London Co., Connecticut Colony, New England; burial place: Norwich, New London County, Connecticut, USA; birth date: ABT 1610;.
  21. [S345] Donald Lines Jacobus, The Waterman Family, addresses the fact that it is unknown as to how long Thomas was in Watertown, hence when he arrived, only know when he had moved on to Salem.
  22. [S192] P. William Filby, Passenger and Immigration Lists Index, 1500s-1900s, Place: Watertown, Massachusetts; Year: 1636;.
  23. [S1018] Martin Booth Tracy, The Puritans : Thomas and Stephen Tracy: A Personal Quest For Family Lineage (North Charlestown, South Carolina: Martin Booth Tracy PhD, 2017).
  24. [S349] Reuben H. Walworth LL.D. - Compiler, Hyde Genealogy, pp. 25, 26.
  25. [S353] Native American Mohegans, online at:; accessed: unknown date accessed.
  26. [S354] Benjamin Trumbull D.D., A Complete History of Connecticut, Civil and Ecclesiastical, From the Emigration of Its First Planters, From England in the Year 1630, to the Year 1764; And to the Close of the Indian Wars, In Two Volumes (New Haven, Connecticut: Maltby, Goldsmith and Co., and Samuel Wadsworth, 1818). Vol. I., Book I. Chap. XI. pg. 236.
  27. [S346] Elizabeth Todd Nash, Fifty Puritan Ancestors, pg. 261.
  28. [S278] Frances Manwaring Caulkins, History of Norwich Connecticut, a transcription of the deed as it was filed is incorporated.
  29. [S360] The Public Records of the Colony of Connecticut From 1636 to 1776 (Hartford, Connecticut: Press of the Case, Lockwood & Brainard Company [etc.], unknown publish date). Transcribed and Edited, in Accordance with a Resolution of the General Assembly, v. II, pg. 74.
  30. [S345] Donald Lines Jacobus, The Waterman Family, pg. 694;.
  31. [S356] Joshua (Attawanhood) Uncas, "Will of Joshua Uncas", New England Historical and Genealogical Register vol. 13. pp 235 - 237 (July 1859): pg. 236.
  32. [S357]; John Sulyard Knight and Ann Andrews, online at , search page for: "Joshua."
  33. [S349] Reuben H. Walworth LL.D. - Compiler, Hyde Genealogy, pg. 25.
  34. [S354] Benjamin Trumbull D.D., A Complete History of Connecticut, pp. 110, 111.
  35. [S278] Frances Manwaring Caulkins, History of Norwich Connecticut, pg. 60, citing a quotation from manuscript of Rev. Dr. Lord, pastor of the First Church of Norwich.
  36. [S910] Loren P. Waldo, The Early History of Tolland : An Address, Delivered Before the Tolland County Historical Society, at Tolland, Conn., on the 22nd Day of August and 27th Day of September 1861 (Hartford, Connecticut: Press of Case, Lockwood & company, 1861), pg. 31.
  37. [S360] Public Records of the Colony of Connecticut, v. !!, pg. 49.
  38. [S278] Frances Manwaring Caulkins, History of Norwich Connecticut, pg. 201.
  39. [S360] Public Records of the Colony of Connecticut, appropriate volumes.
  40. [S278] Frances Manwaring Caulkins, History of Norwich Connecticut, pg. 83.
  41. [S278] Frances Manwaring Caulkins, History of Norwich Connecticut, pg. 84.
  42. [S351] Town Records of Salem, 1634 - 1659, Historical Collections, Second Series, Vol. I. vols. (Salem, Massachusetts: Essex Institute Press, 1868), indicates being from Watertown.
  43. [S345] Donald Lines Jacobus, The Waterman Family, pg. 697;.
  44. [S278] Frances Manwaring Caulkins, History of Norwich Connecticut, pg. 202.
  45. [S351] Salem Town Records, pp. 33 & 40.
  46. [S345] Donald Lines Jacobus, The Waterman Family, pg. 694.
  47. [S355] J. Hammond Trumbull - Editor, Connecticut Soldiers in The Pequot War of 1637 (Boston: E.L. Osgood, 1886). Information is compiled from older sources... The History of Ancient Wethersfield, and The Memorial History of Hartford County specifically name Thomas Tracy, pg. 437;.
  48. [S354] Benjamin Trumbull D.D., A Complete History of Connecticut, Chapt VI, pg 111.
  49. [S278] Frances Manwaring Caulkins, History of Norwich Connecticut, pp. 60, 64.
  50. [S278] Frances Manwaring Caulkins, History of Norwich Connecticut, pg. 86.
Last Edited20 May 2018

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