Henry Tracy

(5 July 1769 - 10 July 1846)

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Relationship4th great-grandfather of The 3 Tracys
Family Group:Tracy
Trees14 Generations of Our Ancestors
Our Tracy Family Pedigree
Our Descent From Lt. Thomas Tracy of Norwich Connecticut

Some Background

Of the Tracys in America circa 1770, all but a very few were of English heritage and with few exceptions they were all living in New England or in western lands that the Connecticut Colony considered to be part of its original charter. And almost all of the Tracys who were living elsewhere - most often in the provinces of New York, New Jersey or Pennsylvania - came from the south-eastern part of the Connecticut Colony (frequently from Preston or one of its neighboring towns) and were members of known branches of the families of Stephen Tracy of Plymouth or Lt. Thomas Tracy of Connecticut.
     Furthermore the vast majority of the associates of those Tracys, especially including their immediate neighbors, indicated that Connecticut had been their place of birth or the place from whence they came. In fact, the Henry Tracy whom we know to be our direct ancestor married Martha Martin, a member of a colonial Connecticut family and who, in the 1850 Census, gave her place of birth as Connecticut. The odds strongly suggest that this Henry Tracy ("our" Henry Tracy), who was living in the midst of other Tracys and folks from Connecticut was a member of one of those Connecticut Tracy families.
     There is DNA and strong circumstantial evidence that supports a connection between this, "our," Henry and the Jonathan Tracy, born 1742; though none yet to a Flack family.
     A local history for Brown County, Ohio, says about "our" Henry that, "Henry and Martha Tracy were New Jersey people." Henry is said by various other sources to have been from New York or New Jersey (or Connecticut) - which one would depend upon the perspective the source had about which of these colonies may have had the strongest claim to that territory in 1769. (All of these colonies laid claim to the area.) The Jonathan Tracy with whom we have associated "our" Henry owned property and was living in an area that was in what was north-western New Jersey at the time of Henry's birth (a few years later it was within the borders of New York). This Jonathan is a member of a Tracy family known to have arrived in that New Jersey/New York area directly from Connecticut, and to be a descendant of Lt. Thomas Tracy. So, if Henry's father is indeed the Jonathan we think it is, any of these colonies could have reasonably been named as Henry's place of birth.
     Whoever Henry's father was he would most likely have been between 18 and 30 yrs old when Henry was born and so would have most likely himself been born between 1739 and 1751... the Jonathan b. 1742 would fit that time frame at 27 years old.
     Family Lore passed down to the descendants of Mary Ann (Polly) Tracy and Ira Francis Tracy, who were (apparently) children of Henry and Martha (Martin) Tracy flatly states that Henry is descended from Lt. Thomas Tracy. (Their Family Lore has been proved more or less correct on most points which can be verified.) This Henry Tracy is known to have been living in Steuben County, New York, in very close proximity to Lt. Thomas's descendant Jonathan, b. 1742, and to Jonathan's other probable sons, Jonathan Jr., Solomon and Isaac, making these Tracys likely parental and sibling candidates.
     Many public documents for Tuscarora/Middletown/Addison (the town's name changed several times) in Ontario/Steuben Co. (name change due to county border adjustments) give names of Tracys living there and in immediately surrounding settlements around 1800... Jonathan, Jonathan Jr., Isaac, Solomon, and Henry (and only these Tracys). Few of these public records make any definitive family associations, though several such associations can be inferred. Early area histories do indicate family relationships, but some of these histories contradict one another in making the associations... though the same names are involved in all of them.
     Even though no definitive family relationship among them can be made, each of these names has been eliminated, conclusively, as being the name of a member of any other Tracy family.
     Several property transfers, some for abutting properties, recorded in Steuben County are between, among, or witnessed by one or another of these Tracys. One transfer from a Jonathan to a Jonathan Tracy, Jr., strongly implies a relationship between the two of them as it includes a clause, "Reserving the use and Benefit of the above granted Premises untill the Discease [sic] of his Mother." (Presumably Mary Tracy?)
          So... "relationship by association" as it were... and Family Lore.
               IT IS IMPORTANT TO NOTE: There are no "official" (or even unofficial) records, contemporary to their time, indicating the names of Henry's parents. However, using a good deal of circumstantial evidence, and by the use of "exclusion," one can reasonably conclude that Henry's father was Jonathan Tracy (b. 1742). It has been proposed that Jonathan's wife Mary (and Henry's mother) was a daughter of a Flack family. Research is continuing (as of Jan 2015) in an attempt to be able to more definitively identify Henry Tracy's parents.
     Having made this statement, this Family History/Genealogy assumes their relationship until evidence is found providing a definitive link.4,5,3,6,7,8
FatherJonathan Tracy (29 Apr 1742 - btwn 4 May 1803 - 12 Feb 1806); Research has been done on the direct line male descendants of Lt. Thomas Tracy through the sixth generation - i.e. the generation that would include the family of this Jonathan Tracy. As of February 2016 no records have been found giving definitive evidence for any children of Jonathan and his wife Mary. However real estate transfers in Steuben Co., New York, in the early 1800s that almost certainly involve this Jonathan make a reference to a Jonathan Jr., and there are other Tracy men, some siblings, named in the same immediate vicinity and context leading to the assumption that all of them are at least related.
     Knowing that this Henry Tracy was born in 1769 places him in sixth generation after Lt. Thomas Tracy. An accounting for each son's sons down through those generations after Thomas leaves only the Jonathan born in 1742 as the likely candidate to be the father of this Henry, born 1769. Recent DNA test results appear to confirm that a direct line back to Lt. Thomas Tracy is all but certain for Henry. Since Jonathan's ancestry has been well documented back to Lt. Thomas, and based on "the preponderance of the evidence" pointing to the parental connection between that Henry and this Jonathan, we can be reasonably assume this lineage is correct.
     One researcher of this Henry's ancestral line makes the connection to Lt. Thomas Tracy by having him, Henry Tracy6, as the son of an un-named daughter of the Flack family and Jonathan Tracy5, son of Christopher4, son of Christopher3, son of Jonathan2, son of Lt. Thomas Tracy1. The well documented ancestral line from Jonathan, b. 1742, to Lt. Thomas is used as the basis of this Tracy Family History/Genealogy.
     This Family History/Genalogy places this Henry Tracy here as it is the most reasonable conclusion that has been found for his parentage. BUT, this is still an assumption... based on considerable research1,2,3
MotherMary Flack (c. 1745 - aft 1795); Mary is the name given for the wife of Jonathan Tracy in a 1787 deed for the sale of property in Orange Co., New Jersey. Another source for the wife of Jonathan, and presumably the mother of Henry, is an online genealogy for this Tracy family in which Jonathan's wife is shown to be the daughter of a Flack family. So quite possibly Jonathan's wife and Henry's mother was Mary Flack.3

Birth - Marriage - Death

ChildHenry Tracy was born on 5 July 1769, in New Jersey. This date is calculated from his age (77 yrs, 5 days) at the date of his death as given by his widow, Martha (Martin) Tracy. The location is based on where Jonathan Tracy owned property at this date.9,10,3
GroomHe, about 26 years, married Martha Martin, around 21, daughter of James Martin and Agnes Crawford, before 1795 in New York. Their marriage can be inferred from a letter Martha sent in 1847, from Ohio to her family in Steuben Co. In this letter Martha makes reference to her husband Henry's death and names several of their children. The year of their marriage is based on date proposed for the birth of their eldest daughter, Mary Ann.11,12,13,14
DeceasedHe died on 10 July 1846 in Monroe Township, Clermont Co., Ohio, at the age of 77. In her letter of 22 August 1847, Henry's widow gives the date of his death and says he died, 'with his old complaint, the Rupture.' 'He was blind for some time before he died, and all most deaf.' Apparently Henry did not leave a will or estate to be probated.15,16,17
InterredHe was buried in Pierce Township, Clermont Co., Ohio; in the family cemetery located on his farm (Tucker's Apple Farm - 2001.)16,18

Children with Martha Martin:

  • Olive Tracy+ (c. 1795 - 1835)
  • Mary Ann Tracy+ (c. 1795 - )
  • Huldah Tracy+ (3 Apr 1799 - 15 Feb 1875)
  • Elias Tracy (c. 1800 - ); It is a suppostition that Elias is the son of Henry and Martha Tracy... the date of his marriage and his age as shown then are consistent with the ages and marriage dates of others of their children. The lack of other Tracy families in the immediate vicinity of Clermont Co., also suggests that he has a connection to their family. Elias does appear as a married head of a family of his own in 1830 and 1840 censuses for Ohio Township31
  • Rachel Tracy (c. 30 Sep 1802 - 15 Apr 1815)
  • Enoch Tracy+11,32 (24 Oct 1804 - 17 May 1879)
  • Ira Francis Tracy+ (6 Oct 1806 - c. 1900)
  • Eri Tracy33 (c. 1809 - )
  • Martha Tracy (5 Jan 1813 - 20 Nov 1816)

Community Service

In October 1797, at Middletown, Steuben Co., New York, Henry Tracy was seated as a juror.19
On 2 April 1799, in Middletown, Steuben Co., New York, Henry Tracy, along with Asa Comstock and Martha's Uncle, John Martin, was elected Commissioner of Highways. These commissioners held very responsible positions in the early development of frontier towns as they decided where the roads and bridges were to be constructed... decisions having a serious impact on the access they and their neighbors had to supplies and markets, and so on the prosperity of the whole community.20
In April 1814, in Addison, Steuben Co., New York, Henry was elected to the school commission. School districts were formed at this town meeting... the 1st District was to include "All that part of the town lying between the Town of Painted Post and the new dwelling house of John Martin, and from the Canisteo Bridge, so as to include the dwelling house of Henry Tracy."21

Land and Property

Property TransferHenry Tracy and Martha Tracy sold their property in Addison, Steuben Co., New York, on 20 August 1814. They sold to William Wambough of Addison, Steuben Co., Ohio, 74 acres... "all that certain farm or plantation" in Addison, along the westerly bank of the Tuscarora and abutting land of George Martin (Martha's brother). The sale price was stated as $800.00 (about $8,600 in 2012 dollars).
In recording the indenture the town clerk, Daniel Cruger, indicates that Henry signed and "sealed" his signature, and that Martha merely signed her name having first sworn and acknowledged when asked, "separate and apart from" Henry, that her signature was executed "without fear or threat or compulsion" from her husband (thus signifying her approval of the sale as was her 'Dower Right').22
Property AcquisitionOn 3 November 1815, Henry Tracy bought a piece of property in Monroe Township, Clermont Co., Ohio. Henry "of Clermont Co." purchased 50 acres from James Taylor "of Campbell Co., Kentucky," paying $125. (about $1,500 in 2012 dollars) James Taylor was a major property owner in Clermont Co. at the time.
Henry bought more land from Taylor in 1827, and sold property both to Enoch and to Ira Tracy, Levi Bartholomew and Phoebe Young in 1828. (This latter sale included Martha as Henry's wife and the transaction was witnessed by Ira Tracy and Ransom Tracy.)
All this land was located in the northern part of Monroe Township and within William Lytle's 1809 survey done on behalf of Taylor and Hite.
Enoch´s land was located adjacent to Henry's (and appears on the 1870 Clermont County Atlas map)... three different Donhams were also next to Henry's land.23

Residences and Censuses

He was probably one of the three males over age 16 listed in the household of Jonathan Tracy, in the 1790 Federal Census of Chemung Town, Montgomery Co., New York.24
He appeared on the 1800 Federal Census of Middletown, Steuben Co., New York. There were a total of 32 households in Middletown at the time this census was taken, including two Tracys (Joanathan Jr., and Henry) and six Martins; together Tracys and Martins represented one fourth of all of the families.25
He appeared on the 1810 Federal Census of Addison, Steuben Co., New York, By this census there were 59 families living in Addison (formerly Middletown). Henry was the Head of a Family of 9: 2 sons under 10 years old (Ira and Enoch);1 daughter under 10 (probably Rachel - b.1802-d.1815 - another daughter, Polly, is said to have been born in 1804 but no other information about her is available); 3 daughters between 10 and 16 years old (Huldah, Mary Ann and Olive); besides his wife, Martha, and himself. The census includes another female between 16 and 26 years old who does not fit among Henry's and Martha's known children.26
He appeared on the 1820 Federal Census of Ohio Township, Clermont Co., Ohio, with a household consisting of one white male age 10 to 16 (son Ira) and another age 16 to 18 (son Enoch), and one over 45 (himself); two white females, one under 10 (Martha), and one over 45 years old (wife Martha.)27
He appeared on the 1830 Federal Census of Monroe, Clermont Co., Ohio, listed as the head of a household of four. He was the only male - in the age group 60 to 70 years of age; one female age 10 to 15 (Martha); one in the age group 20 to 30 years (unidentified), and lastly one in the group 50 to 60 years (wife Martha Tracy.)28
He was enumerated on the 1840 Federal Census of Monroe, Clermont Co., Ohio, as the head of a household consisting of two 'Free White People' - one male between 70 and 80 years of age (himself), and one female between 60 and 70 years of age (his wife, Martha). Neither was employed in any of the designated fields. As long as he had been able to work, Henry was a farmer... most likely a sheep farmer, the occupation of his son Enoch.29


Church AffiliationCirca 1845,Henry Tracy and Martha Tracy were early members of The Sugar-Tree Run Wesleyan Methodist Church at Nicholsville, Ohio Township, Clermont Co., Ohio. Henry was for a time also associated with the Zoar Methodist Episcopal Church in Monroe Township, also in Clermont County.30

Sources - Citations

  1. [S278] Frances Manwaring Caulkins, History of Norwich Connecticut: From its possession by the Indians to the year 1866 (Hartford: The Author, 1866).
  2. [S151] Matilda Ormand Abbey - Compiler, Genealogy of the Family of Lt. Thomas Tracy of Norwich, Connecticut (Milwaukee: D.S. Harkness & Company, Printers, 1888). Local File Reference: TRA-BPC-119.
  3. [S426] Mike Cattin - Compiler, "The Cattin Family - Jonathan - 1742", 2 February 2001 (Prepared 28 Oct 2000) (RootsWeb's World Connect Project). GEDCOM; e-mail address
    Local File Reference: TRA-GEN-169
    Apparently Mike's sources for ancestry of Johanthan back through Jonathan's father, Christopher, to Lt. Thomas Tracy are: Abbey's Tracy Genealogy, IGI, and the Ancestral File... both of these last are from the LDS. Care should be taken regarding information about the family of Jonathan Tracy (1742) is full of inaccuaracies... The data before and after that particular family seems to be okay.
  4. [S339] Sullivan County Historian James W. Burbank, Cushetunk,The first White Settlement in the Upper Delaware River Valley (Callicoon, N.Y.: Sullivan County Democrat, January and February 1952). Photo Copy on File.
  5. [S439] Orange County - Deeds Book C-D, Digital Files of Sean C. Tracy, Tracy Home Office.
  6. [S440] Steuben County - Deeds vols. 1-3, Digital Files of Sean C. Tracy, Tracy Home Office.
  7. [S420] Guy H. McMaster, History of the Settlement of Steuben County, N.Y. (Bath, N.Y.: R.S. Underhill & Co., 1853).
  8. [S125] Millard Fillmore Roberts - compiler and editor, Historical Gazetteer of Steuben County, New York (Syracuse, N.Y.: Roberts, Millard Fillmore, 1891). Local File Reference: HT7-BPC-93.
  9. [S96] Letter from Martha Martin Tracy (Mount Pisgah Post Office, Clermont Co., Ohio) to Lucretia Martin Rice, 22 August 1847; MM1 LTR 114 Paper Files of Sean C Tracy (Tracy Home Office), gives age at date of death.
  10. [S149] Mike Cattin - Compiler, online at http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=AHN&db=mdcattin&id=I2231 (RootsWeb's World Connect Project GEDCOMs), downloaded 23 Jan 2006.
  11. [S96] Letter, Martha Martin Tracy to Lucretia Martin Rice, 22 August 1847, names, events, dates, locations; relationships can be inferred from context of letter.
  12. [S126] Deed: Henry Tracy's Sale of Property in Steuben Co. Indenture of Sale, Volume: Book 7, Page 27: names Henry's wife as Martha, Paper Files of Sean C Tracy, Tracy Home Office.
  13. [S113] Steve Newton, "James Martin NOTES from Steve Newton," e-mail message to Sean C. Tracy, 17 January 2006.
  14. [S142] Letter from George A. Hinshaw (Baltimore, MD) to Delphia Doss, 22 January 1977; HT7 LTR 102 Paper Files of Sean C Tracy (Tracy Home Office). SCT rec'd photocopy of this letter and pedigree from Delphia Doss, 8 Mar 1996.
  15. [S96] Letter, Martha Martin Tracy to Lucretia Martin Rice, 22 August 1847.
  16. [S116] Letter from Oliver Kautz (Georgetown, OH) to Delphia Doss, 20 Oct. 1988; HT7 LTR 96 Paper Files of Sean C Tracy (Tracy Home Office). SCT rec'd photocopy of this letter from Delphia Doss, 8 Mar 1996.
  17. [S115] Letter from Lee Rauch (Clermont Co. Probate Court, Batavia, Ohio) to Sean C. Tracy, 13 January 1998; HT7 LTR 105 Paper Files of Sean C Tracy (Tracy Home Office). No wills or estates for Henry or Martha Tracy.
  18. [S117] "Mailbag: Can You Help Identify Old Tombstones?", The Clermont Courier, Clermont Co., Ohio, 2 September 1982, pg. 4.
  19. [S335] "Recap of Tracy Family, etc. (Isaac Tracy - 1775)", 19 October 1967, Eva Demos (Worthington, Ohio), to Marion Springer (Steuben County Clerk's Office, New York); Paper Files of Sean C Tracy, Tracy Home Office. Notes and a Listing of names and dates as found in Dr. Jonathan Tracy's Bible - Rec'd by SCT on 29 Sep 1996, from Marion Springer, Steuben Co., N.Y., County Clerk's Office
    Local Copy Ref# JT8fam-TRS-964.
  20. [S125] Millard Fillmore Roberts - compiler and editor, Gazetteer of Steuben County, pg. 95, Town of Addison.
  21. [S145] W. W. Clayton, History of Steuben County, New York, with Illustrations and Biographical Sketches of Some of Its Prominent Men and Pioneers (Philadelphia: Lewis Peck & Co., 1879). Local File Reference: HT7-BPC-94; SCT digital library includes a PDF copy of the 1879 edition, digitized by the Internet Archive < http://www.archive.org
  22. [S126] Sale of Property in Steuben Co. Indenture of Sale, Volume: Book 7, Page 27, Paper Files of Sean C Tracy.
  23. [S436] Mary Ann Jenkins, "Henry Tracy's Purchase of Property in Clermont Co.," e-mail message from private to Sean Tracy, 23 April 2001.
  24. [S334] Jonathan Tracy household, 1790 U.S. Census, Montgomery Co., New York, Chemung, page 80, line no. 20; Washington: National Archives. Originally viewed and transcribed by SCT, 16 Oct 1998, at National Archives, Washington D.C., Series M637, Roll#6.
  25. [S408] Henry Tracey household, 1800 U.S. Census, Steuben Co., New York, Middletown, page 201 (printed), 270 (written), line 19; Washington: National Archives. Originally viewed 16 Oct 1998, at National Archives, Washington D.C., Series M32, Roll#24.
  26. [S389] Henry Tracy household, 1810 U.S. Census, Steuben Co., New York, Addison, page 64/421, line no. 16; Washington: National Archives.
  27. [S390] Henry Tracy household, 1820 U.S. Census, Clermont, Ohio, Ohio Township, page no. 29 or no. 56/57, line no. 5; Washington: National Archives.
  28. [S391] Henry Tracy household, 1830 U.S. Census, Clermont Co., Ohio, Monroe Township, page no. 4 or no. 229, line no. 11; Washington: National Archives. This page has listings for Enoch and Ira... and John, Jonathan, David and Isaac Donham as well.
  29. [S392] Henry Tracy household, 1840 U.S. Census, Clermont, Ohio, Monroe Township, page no. 4/205, line no. 30 of 31; Washington: National Archives.
  30. [S765] J.L. Rockey and R.J. Bancroft, History of Clermont County Ohio (Philadelphia: L.H. Everts, 1880: Genealogy Trails History Group, 2016), ppg. 333, 392.
  31. [S300] Ohio -1800-1850 Marriage Records - Clermont County, Index to Marriage Record Books, Digital Files of Sean C. Tracy, Tracy Home Office. Alphabetical Index referring to Tracy Family - includes Record Book & Pg., Date of Marriage, Spouses' Names: Tracy Sons and Daughters to...; Officiant; (also, Known or presumed father, Est. age and est. or known Birth Date) , vol. 2, pg. 726.
  32. [S120] Letter from Martha (Martin) Tracy (Mount Pisgah Post Office, Clermont Co., Ohio) to Lucretia (Martin) Rice, 27 March 1851; File Reference: MM1 LTR 1 Paper Files of Sean C Tracy (Tracy Home Office), names, events, dates, locations; relationships can be inferred from context of letter.
  33. [S300] Ohio -1800-1850 Marriage Records - Clermont County, Index to Marriage Record Books Digital Files of Sean C. Tracy, vol. 2, pg. 286.
Last Edited20 May 2018

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