Mary C. Smith1,2,3,4

(circa 1835 - 29 December 1906)

If you arrived here linked from another page or as the result of a web search, you might benefit from making a visit to our page, ABOUT USING THIS SITE

Mary C. Smith
1840 - c. 1895
Relationship2nd great-grandmother of The 3 Tracys
Family Group:Tracy
Trees14 Generations of Our Ancestors
Our Tracy Family Pedigree

Some Background

As could be expected, finding the ancestry of a “Mary Smith,” even “Mary C. Smith,” has turned out to be elusive, especially considering the lack of any more information than an approximate year for her birth and only the names of the states where she and her parents were born... with these “facts” gleaned from census returns. Internet searches through the usual online resources have not yielded anything even remotely helpful, and the vagueness of the information in hand makes it of little help in narrowing a search to less than a rather large geographic base. (Add to that little bit of information the added complication that her surname may have been “Schmidt,” "Schmitt," or some other varient spelling.); The census returns for Mary are consistent in showing she was born in Kentucky, that her father was born in New York, and her mother in Georgia.5,6,7,8,9 Mary C. Smith was also known as Mary C. Schmidt.
     The surname "Smith" is provided by Family Tradition which also states that the name may have been "Schmidt" or "Schmitt." or... The only documentation (her daughter's marriage certificate) found to date bearing Mary's name includes only a middle initial... "C." and of course, her married name, Baugh.10,11

Birth - Marriage - Death

ChildMary C. Smith was born circa 1835, in Kentucky. See "Background" for discussion of Mary's parents, family, and the difficulties in coming to any conclusions regarding her nativity. This year for her birth is calculated from the family's census return entry in the 1860 census for Bexar Co. The entry for the Registration of her death states her age as 70 years in 1916 - so 1836. However, the 1860 Census gives her age as 30 years - so 1830; According to her entries on the 1880 Census for San Diego her age was 40 years - so 1840.12,13,14
BrideMary C. Smith married William Archer Baugh circa 1858. This date is calulated based on the birth date of their daughter, Frances Ada, who is said to be their eldest child. No record of their marriage has been located.8,15
Mother of BrideShe, as the mother of the bride, attended and acted as a witness for the wedding of Henry Tracy and Frances Ada Baugh on 24 January 1886 in First Presbyterian Church, San Jose, Santa Clara Co., California; The marriage was solemnized by H.C. Minton, Pastor, and was witnessed by Mrs. M.C. Baugh (bride's mother) and Mrs. E.R. Simonds.16,17,18
DeceasedShe died on 29 December 1906 in San Diego, San Diego Co., California. The index shows Death Place codes for both San Diego and Monterey Counties. She had been living in San Diego, but it is quite possible she was living with or visiting her daughter Florence who was living in Monterey Co. at the time of the 1900 Census.14

Children with William Archer Baugh:


Around 1865, Mary C. and William Archer Baugh emmigrated with their children Fanny, Florence and Newton from Texas, to Mexico. According to Family Lore they travelled first to New York and then by steamship from New York to Vera Cruz, Mexico. The 1880 Census indicates William's and Mary's son Irvin was born in Mexico in 1866. Voter Registrations give a general time frame for the family's return and, again according to Family Lore, Fanny Ada said they returned to the States by way of covered wagon when she was 12 years old (1871). Sons Alfred and Albert died during that trip to California. Also according to Family Lore, while they never had any encounters with any of the Indian tribes along the way, if they stopped and put their ears to the ground they could hear the hoofbeats of Indian ponies running somewhere beyond their sight.
     Veracruz, Mexico is located at approximately the middle of the Mexican coastal arc in the Gulf of' Mexico - about 2100 miles from San Diego, CA; 1400 miles from El Paso, TX, & 900 miles from San Antonio, TX. Veracruz was the start of a transcontinental trail from the east to the west for emigrants from the Eastern U.S. to California.19,20,21,22

Residences and Censuses

Mary C. Baugh and William Archer Baugh appeared on the 1860 Federal Census of San Antonio, Bexar Co., Texas, enumerated 23 July 1860. William's age is given as 30 years, Mary's as 26 years, and they were born in Virginia and Kentucky, respectively. William's occupation is listed as "Farmer" and he claimed a personal estate with a value of $200. Their child Fanny was listed as living with them,
     According to family stories relayed by Fanny's daughter, Ada Tracy, Mary C. and William Archer had moved to Kentucky "from a Pennsylvania Dutch settlement." They made the move to Texas very soon after Fanny's birth in 1859.8,23
1871, Mary C. Baugh and William Archer Baugh were living in in San Diego, in San Diego Co., California. According to Family Tradition, the family arrived in California by covered wagon in 1871, when their daughter, Fanny, was 12 years old. Their children Fanny, Newton, Florence and Irvin made the trek with them.21,24
She appeared on the 1880 Federal Census of San Diego Twp., San Diego Co., California, enumerated 15 June 1880. 40 year old Mary is shown as being married though her husband William appears in the Census for Monumentville, San Diego Co., with their sons.
     Mary was born in Kentucky; her father born in New York; her mother born in Georgia. Her daughter Florence was listed as living with her. Mary's occupation is listed as "Keeping House;" and 16 year old Florence, who was born in Texas, is listed as "at Home." Florence's father was born in Virginia, and her mother in Kentucky. Kittie Bell and her two young daughters are shown as boarders at the same address.
     There could be any number of reasons that William and his wife Mary are not living in the same household at the time of the census, William on a farm with the boys and Mary in the city with their daughter Florence. (Their other daughter, Fanny Ada, was living in San Jose, California in 1880.) It should be noted that they were not living at a great distance from one another... both were in the census Supervisor's District #4, Mary in Enumeration Dist. #68 and William in Enumeration Dist. #69. While each of these 1880 Enumeration Districts covered large areas, Monumentville was only about 10 miles south of San Diego proper and on maps of the time the area was generally referred to as South San Diego.9
For sometime before 1880, Mary C. Baugh and William Archer Baugh lived apart. The last census on which each of them can be found is that of 1880, both in San Diego Co., California. On that census they are both listed as being married though they are not living together (William was in Monumentville, farming; Mary was in San Diego, running a boarding house.)
     According to Family Tradition, William left the San Diego area and went to Colorado, to the mines there, and was never heard from again. He would have apparently left Monumentville sometime after 1886 as he was registered to vote there that year.
     William and Mary may have divorced, but no record has been found... and there is no tradition in the family that they had ever divorced.25,23,26
From 1893 to 1894, Mary C. Baugh was living San Diego, San Diego Co., California, at 119 Sixteenth St.. Her children Newton and Irvin were listed as living with her. In 1893 both boys were employed by the Russ Lumber Co., Irvin as a salesman and Newton as a shipping clerk. No occupations are listed for them in 1894.27,28

Sources - Citations

  1. The surname "Smith" is provided by Family Tradition which also states that the name may have been "Schmidt."
  2. [S673] W A Baugh household, 1860 U.S. Census, Bexar Co., Texas, population schedule, San Antonio, Sheet 298, dwelling 2495, family 2385; Washington: National Archives. , confirms given name and middle initial.
  3. [S670] Mary C Baugh household, 1880 U.S. Census, San Diego Co., California, population schedule, San Diego City, Enumeration District 68, Page No. 40. Line #28, dwelling 461, family 473, Washington: National Archives. , confirms given name and middle initial.
  4. [S387] Recollections of Helen Ada (Tracy) Berry (Arroyo Grande, California), information given to Charles W. Tracy Jr., c. 1970. Hand annotated notes, Paper Files of Sean C Tracy (Tracy Home Office). Charles W. Tracy, Jr., son of Charles, gave his aunt, Ada Tracy - the daughter of Henry L. Tracy, a handwritten page with the names and dates of family members' births and deaths to which she then added her corrections and annotations to the front side and wrote out histories of her parents' families on the back. The histories she provided had been part of the Family Lore for many years... subsequent research has corrected and supplemented her knowledge., surname may have been Schmidt.
  5. [S387] Recollections, Helen Ada (Tracy) Berry, c. 1970, grandmother's maiden name possibly Schmidt not Smith.
  6. [S782] Jesse O. Smith household, 1850 U.S. Census, Howard Co., Missouri, population schedule, Sheet no. 237 written, and 119 stamped, both at top of next (right-hand) page, dwelling 3, family 3; Washington: National Archives. , family includes a Mary E. Smith and an Albert W. Smith.
  7. [S831] Mary E. Smith & Hugh Thompson marriage, 29 May 1856, in Missouri, Howard County, Marriages: Digital Files of Sean C. Tracy, Tracy Home Office.
  8. [S673] W A Baugh household, 1860 U.S. Census, Bexar Co., Texas.
  9. [S670] Mary C Baugh household, 1880 U.S. Census, San Diego Co., California.
  10. [S396] Harry L. Tracy and Fanny A Baugh marriage, 24 Jan 1886, in Santa Clara County, Marriages: Paper Files of Sean C Tracy, Tracy Home Office, Witnessed by Mary C. Baugh.
  11. [S387] Recollections, Helen Ada (Tracy) Berry, c. 1970, grandmother's maiden name possibly Schmidt.
  12. [S673] W A Baugh household, 1860 U.S. Census, Bexar Co., Texas, gives age and state of birth.
  13. [S670] Mary C Baugh household, 1880 U.S. Census, San Diego Co., California, gives age, state of her birth and the states of her parents' births.
  14. [S668] California Death Index 1905 - 1929, Volume I, A - B (Sacramento, California: State of California Department of Public Health, Bureau of Vital Statistics and Data Processing, unknown date) Digitized by - subscription database. Pg. 647.
  15. [S829] Fox & Proelas : New York Gallery : San Diego : Cal., photographer; Mrs M C Baugh, Cabinet Portrait, circa 1880, San Diego, California, Autographed on reverse: To Mrs F A Tracy from her Mother Mrs M C Baugh. Digital Files of Sean C. Tracy (Tracy Home Office).
  16. [S396] Santa Clara County, Marriage Records: Paper Files of Sean C Tracy.
  17. [S674] Frances Ada Baugh author, Births of H.L. Tracy Family, Handwritten List, This is a handwritten listing of the names, birth dates and places for the family of Harry Lorraine Tracy as prepared by his wife, Fanny Ada (Baugh) Tracy and annotated (incorrectly regarding the birth place of the eldest son, Lorraine Newton Tracy) by their daughter, Ada (Tracy) Berry, Digital Files of Sean C. Tracy (Tracy Home Office), Shows date, city of marriage and given names.
  18. [S666] Arthur Porter Special Collections, Western States Marriage Index (Rexburg, Idaho: BYU-Idaho SpecialCollections: McKay Library), Extracted from Sant Clara County Records - Available at:
  19. [S398] Recollections of Charles W. Tracy Sr. (Saratoga, California), information given to Libby Gragg. Recorded Oral History, Digital Files of Sean C. Tracy (Tracy Home Office). Three recorded sessions, tells of William going to Mexico.
  20. [S669] Wm Baugh household, 1880 U.S. Census, San Diego Co., California, population schedule, Monumentville, San Diego, Enumeration District 69, Page No. 7. Line #14, dwelling 31, family 32, Washington: National Archives. , year and place of Irvin's birth.
  21. [S387] Recollections, Helen Ada (Tracy) Berry, c. 1970, family's return to California.
  22. [S78] State of California, Great Registers, 1866–1898 (Sacramento, California: California State Library, unknown date) Digital copy of the Great Register page can be found in voter's digital folder for Registrations. Digitized by - subscription database. Shows age, state of birth, residence, date of registration
    1872 - No. 197.
  23. [S387] Recollections, Helen Ada (Tracy) Berry, c. 1970.
  24. [S398] Recollections, Charles W. Tracy Sr., tells of family returning from Mexico.
  25. [S669] Wm Baugh household, 1880 U.S. Census, San Diego Co., California.
  26. [S398] Recollections, Charles W. Tracy Sr.
  27. [S683] Directory of San Diego City, Coronado and National City Including Business Directory of Principal Towns in San Diego County - 1892-93 (San Diego, California: S.H. Olmsted and A.A. Bynon, 1892). pg. 42.
  28. [S684] Directory of San Diego City and County for 1893-94 (San Diego, California: John Thom, 1893). pg. 41, Mistakenly names Mary as Milton C.. Irvin precedes her in the listing; Newton is next listing.
Last Edited23 Mar 2018

 Facts cannot be copyrighted; please feel free to copy names, dates and places. But just those facts. The goal has been to record accurate data; still, accuracy is not guaranteed and you should verify all data before you use it. Everything else within these pages is copyrighted. Your respect of my copyrights is greatly appreciated.