Hugh Calkins1,2,3,4,5,6,7

(8 April 1603 - June 1690)

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Relationship10th great-grandfather of The 3 Tracys
Family Group:Ohlheiser
Trees14 Generations of Our Ancestors
Our Ohlheiser Family Pedigree

Some Background

Hugh Calkins was also known as Deacon Hugh Caulkins. "The name appears on the early records, written indifferently, with or without the u, and with or without the final s." The colonial records named him as "Collins" in more than one notation.1
FatherRowland Calkins (c. 1570 - aft 1605)
MotherElen Payne ( - 23 Aug 1605)

Birth - Marriage - Death

ChildHugh Calkins was baptized on 8 April 1603, in Waverton, Chester, Cheshire, England.7,8,9
GroomHe married Ann Eaton circa 1620.9,2
DeceasedHe died in June 1690 in Norwich, New London Co., Connecticut, at the age of 87.9,4,6,10

Children with Ann Eaton:

Immigrant Ancestor

In 1640, Hugh Calkins and Ann Calkins arrived in Plymouth Colony, New England. From Chepstow in Monmouthshire on the border of Wales as part of the Welsh Company under the leadership of their Minister Mr. Blinman. First settled at Marshfield,MA, then transferred to Gloucester, Mass. on Cape Ann. After 8yrs moved on to New London, Conn., following Mr. Blinman. Hugh was Deputy from Gloucester 1650 & 1651 but moved in his 2nd term to New London; He was Deputy frm New London 12 times and from 1652 was selectman until he moved to Norwich; He was Deputy from Norwich 10 times and was one of the 1st Deacons of the Norwich Church.

'By order of the general court, held October 3, 1654, Hugh and another were appointed a committee for enlisting men to fight the Naragansett Indians. The records also show that he was a deputy magistrate. In 1660 he again changed his residence to the place where the city of Norwich now stands, then a wilderness and owned by the Mohegan Indians. Just previously a treaty had been concluded, by and between the celebrated major Mason and others with the Mohegan chiefs, by which a tract of land nine miles square around Norwich was ceded to the whites, for the sum of seventy pounds sterling. Hugh and his son, John, were of the thirty-five original proprietors.'

He had no early education and he signed documents with an 'H'.11

Some Life Events of Interest

Lyme, New London Co., Connecticut, on 29 Feb 1675, Lieut. Thomas Tracy and Hugh Collins (Calkins) were named among the legatees in the will of Joshua (Attawanhood) Uncas, Sachem, the son of Uncas, Sachem.
     Joshua bequeathed a large tract of land (48,000 to 60,000 acres of his hunting grounds, known as "Joshua's tract") "northward of Norwich" in northeastern Connecticut Colony to thirteen of the leading men of Norwich, including Thomas Tracy and Hugh Calkins. The General Court of the colony frowned on the numerous gifts, grants and bequests amounting to thousands of acres handed out over the years by Uncas and his two sons, fearing land speculation based on such large holdings would be to the detriment of the colony as a whole. The validity of this bequest was disputed by many in the colony despite the standing of the legatees within their communities... the will wasn't even properly recorded until 29 April 1684, and it took the General Court another two years (until the year after Thomas' death) to agree to the allotments each of the thirteen was to receive.
     No doubt Thomas' allotment made up most of the thousands of acres of land he was reputed to have owned at the time of his death.
          A modern day Land Trust, "Joshua's Trust" is preserving about 4,000 acres of the original tract for current and future generations.12,13

Founder or First Settler

Hugh Calkins, along with Thomas Tracy Sr. was one of the proprietors of Norwich, New London Co., Connecticut Colony, New England, Fall 1659;
     "...the Purchase of sd town was made in ye month of June, 1659 by 35 men." Thomas Tracy Sr., Francis Griswold and Hugh Calkins were among the 35. (As was Thomas' eldest son, John - thought to have been still a minor as he is listed as among a small group of secondary proprietors.) By the fall of 1659, the proprietors had surveyed the township, laid out the town plot, measured and assigned house lots, and even opened a "highway" between Norwich and Saybrook.
     (The three men, Tracy, Calkins, and Griswold, are all ancestors of Our Tracy Family; Tracy and Griswold via the Tracy line; Calkins via the Ohlheiser line. Their neighbor, Thomas Minor is also an ancestor, via the Corkum line.)14

Residences and Censuses

In 1672, Hugh Calkins resided in New London Co., Connecticut.3

Sources - Citations

  1. [S278] Frances Manwaring Caulkins, History of Norwich Connecticut: From its possession by the Indians to the year 1866 (Hartford: The Author, 1866), "The name appears on the early records, written indifferently, with or without the u, and with or without the final s."
  2. [S33] Yates Publishing, Compiler, U.S. and International Marriage Records, 1560-1900 (Provo, Utah: Operations Inc. - Online Publication, 2004). A collection of records extracted from a variety of sources including family group sheets and electronic databases - all data should be verified for accuracy by other sources., Source number: ; Source type: ; Number of Pages: ; Submitter Code: .
  3. [S259] Ronald V. Jackson - compiler, Connecticut Census, 1790-1890 (USA: Accelerated Indexing Systems, 1984). Compiled and digitized by Mr. Jackson and AIS from microfilmed schedules of the U.S. Federal Decennial Census, territorial/state censuses, and/or census substitutes.
  4. [S161] National Society of the Sons of the American Revolution, Compiler, Sons of the American Revolution Membership Applications, 1889-1970, online, (Louisville, Kentucky), Various Applicants, on Microfilm, 508 rolls.
  5. [S192] P. William Filby, Editor, Passenger and Immigration Lists Index, 1500s-1900s (Farmington Hills, Michigan: Gale Research, 2012). Online publication - Provo, UT, USA: Operations, Inc, 2010., Place: New London, Connecticut; Year: 1638; Page Number: .
  6. [S210] Find A Grave, online at; Photographs and data are submitted by volunteer members - Text only data should be confirmed by additional sources.
  7. [S260] Janet and Robert Wolfe Genealogy, online at:; accessed: unknown date accessed, Birth date & Location.
  8. [S196] David Pane-Joyce - Compiler, online, D. Pane-Joyce (online publication), updated Sep 2012.
  9. [S256] Bradley Genealogy & Ancestors, online at:; accessed: Oct 2017.
  10. [S260] Janet and Robert Wolfe Genealogy, online at:, Adds month to year of death.
  11. [S192] P. William Filby, Passenger and Immigration Lists Index, 1500s-1900s, Place: New London, Connecticut; Year: 1638;.
  12. [S356] Joshua (Attawanhood) Uncas, "Will of Joshua Uncas", New England Historical and Genealogical Register vol. 13. pp 235 - 237 (July 1859): pg. 236.
  13. [S357]; John Sulyard Knight and Ann Andrews, online at , search page for: "Joshua."
  14. [S278] Frances Manwaring Caulkins, History of Norwich Connecticut, pg. 60, citing a quotation from manuscript of Rev. Dr. Lord, pastor of the First Church of Norwich.
Last Edited8 Dec 2017

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